Carpet handbook: Part 1

Carpet handbook: Part 1

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t presentation: What to know when specifying a carpet, introducing ege carpets, why choose carpets, tufted and woven carpets, product concepts, product specification – test and classifications.

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for a project in order to create a visually pleasing and tals of how carpets are made, installed and needed to make informed carpet HANDBOOK 1. What to know when a ege carpets . 3. Why choose Tufted and woven carpets . 4.1 Carpet fabric . – Tufting . 4.2 Carpet . – The face yarn . – The primary backing . – The secondary backing . – Why is carpet backing Carpet backing options . – Designer . – . – epoca . – Modular Carpet Tiles . 6. Product – test and . – Patterns . – Colours carpets . – A perfectly looking carpet result . 10.5 Fitting carpets with latex backing – . 10.6 Fitting carpets with contract latex 10.7 Fitting carpets with woven 10.8 Fitting carpets with Acousti Back “AB” . 10.9 Fitting carpets with Comfort backing “CF300” Fitting of standard modular carpet tiles carpet cutter 3-5, 4-1, 4-3, 4-4, 4-6, 4-11, 4-12, 4-13, 4-14, Combi carpet cutter carpet cutter 10-8, 10-12, 10-19, 1-1, 2-2, 2-3, 3-1, 3-2, 3-3, 3-4, 3-5, 4-1, 4-2, 4-3, ege design bank 5-3, 5-8 Green carpet cutter 10-12, 10-16, a carpet offers you a wide variety of designs, fibres and shop, the task of a carpet involves making final of the carpet and its a carpet, the end purpose of the carpet should To best match the carpet to its purpose, you should • Carpet • Design and colour • Broadloom and modular carpet options • Quality and Indoor climate safety) • Because, the carpet’s tion between the important elements affecting the carpet’s overall 2. ege carpets Through focus, ege carpets has over the years suc- “We help our clients by providing beautiful and strong carpet solu- • and strong’ means that we have a • ‘Carpet means that we sell more than just a and ‘Sectors of the market’ means those sectors where we the carpets we and we seek to develop carpet concepts matching high in terms deliver carpet solutions in any design, colour and size. ege has the ability to create design without and without colour which allows for the creation of unique design 3. Why choose carpet is a good choice for almost any interior properly installed and a carpet will Carpets are and bring warmth and to the carpet, you are assured a flooring solution • Style • Quality • Comfort • Hygiene • Cleaning • Indoor climate • Energy • not only provide a underfoot feel, but also Today’s carpet offers a variety of carpet styles and colours al- a fast, cost cutting edge and high design high quality carpets therefore plays an important role carpet maintains its the less need there is for create more than carpets set Our carpets give the Carpets bind studies2 show that carpets nearly halve the Carpets bind dust, thus, it from rising up into the provide good aid When is a carpet carpet is if a person walking on it does not get a shock To ensure that ege carpets meet all carpets from ege are tested and certified in that all carpets from ege live up to the of the have shown that carpets are better at trapping allergens than hard because carpet fibres catch particles and allergens that When allergens are trapped in the carpet, they removes the dirt and dust from the carpet, and • easy comfort • low emission From an carpets are the best of all flooring The effect of carpets can be compared with carpets because they prevent back pains and injuries to choose carpets in such as nursing homes, measures, for example by carpets.6 Carpets provide a better foothold than smooth flooring room with surface of the carpet acts as an adhesive people and children, a carpet can provide an increased sense of soft carpet pile and backing makes a carpet a much softer of a fall on a carpet less when the person walks on the carpet remains below A carpet which does not exceed Carpets from ege are Carpets are often with static often without from walking on a contract carpet.4 Carpets from ege contain fibres, which make them per- On the contrary, carpets “divert” some Walking on a carpet in bare feet is warm and cosy, even on the Carpets not only offer warmth in the interior, they also provide Carpets provide ther- mal as the carpet fibres act as natural thermal This means that a carpet does which is why a carpet feels pile of the carpet, with millions of tiny fibres, traps air and The thickness of the carpet plays an important role in the degree of The thicker the carpet is, the greater thermal insu- A carpeted floor feels warmer, provides underfoot Actually a carpeted floor makes it possible to reduce the Carpets with a quality underlay magnifies these Tufted and woven carpets Carpet is by a number of carpet and carpet in order to select a carpet solution matching demands of the project in carpet, thus, making you to make an informed carpet The primary backing feeds into the machine • Yarn and primary backing come together in the machine • Yarn is fed through needles on a needle bar of a tufting • Needles penetrate or tuft into the primary Carpet is rolled onto large rolls for the next step (whether • Fast time • Short notice design Carpet fabric The primary carpet fabric methods applied in today’s carpet industry include: • Tufting • fast time and lower price levels, tufted carpets have the main parts of the carpet of all contract carpets produced today are tufted, making this method the most prevalent carpet method 8 The Carpet and Rug “The Carpet Primer”, page 1-9, 2003 The backs of woven carpets are usually carpets are made either with cut pile or with boucle and offers great choice in terms of colours The density of the carpet is by the number of tufts per inch when counting across the width of the example, an 1/8 gauge carpet has eight The carpet face weight and density are by the number single tuft rows in tufted carpets are available in three different weaving of fibres and yarn affects the end use of the all carpets produced today are produced from one Natural carpet fibres • Wool • carpet fibres • (PP) • Polyester carpet fibres Wool and cotton are the natural carpet fibres used in today’s carpet wool is used for both and 2: Natural carpet carpet fibres 4.2 Carpet how a carpet is assists you in elements which will provide the best carpet in a Tufted carpets consist of: • Face yarn (tuft) • Primary backing fabric • Secondary backing cushion, is added to provide further stability to the carpet types of high backing systems provide carpet such as to moisture and These four of tufted carpets are presented in the 3: Synthetic carpet fibres10 • BCF – Bulked filament • Staple yarn used for either cut or loop pile carpet The Carpet and Rug “The Carpet Primer”, page 1-9, 2003 + Tekno- 11 Antron Carpet Fibre : Antron Carpet Fibre : for carpet for use in loop carpets and cut pile carpets, and staple nylon that is spun into yarn for use in cut pile carpet fibre is available as bulked of carpets after the used in some carpet 3: Synthetic carpet fibres10 Figure 4: Carpet face which makes sure that the loops are fixed to the The Carpet and Rug “The Carpet Primer”, page 1-10, yarn are short fibres all natural carpet fibres with Most carpet yarns have 3.5 to 6.0 of a cut pile face carpet face styles can be adding a certain look to the final carpet some of the most commonly used carpet face styles are Carpet face style 14 Antron Carpet Fibre : When the carpet is tufted and dyed, and the bonding compound has been applied, it is time to add the carpet backing to the car- Why is carpet backing carpet backing plays an important part in ensuring high quality carpet such as: • Underfoot comfort • Isolating • Wear • Acoustics • Fire carpet backing should be ranked alongside colour, fibre and pattern of a girders are the of a building, the carpet backing is the of the carpet and thus, holds the ability to add to both the carpet’s and overall The carpet backing adds shape and The of the carpet is not only by the of the carpet, but also by the material, thickness and firmness of the addition the carpet backing performs as an underlay, tion of the carpet can therefore be fixed directly to the As above, the carpet is produced with the primary back- The density of the carpet is by the in which the carpet is going to be the carpet is going to be subjected to should be highly areas, a wear resistant carpet solution should Whatever carpet type you end up buying, it can be advised to carpet, results from the between carpet and • Carpet of the pile surface • Retention of pile yarn during Pattern stability that is applied to the back of the carpet to tie the yarn to the the precoat adds stability to the carpet of the carpet e.g. how stable it during fire, the carpet becomes with a low of the carpet and whether it is to be or The backing offers benefits ensuring good In addition, the CL backing offers castor chair making the backing highly suited for use in heavily carpet can therefore be fixed The soft carpet backing in with the textile carpet sur- The reduction of is made possible due to the carpet’s The carpet fibres act as that a carpeted floor does not draw warmth from the feet to the pile of the carpet, millions of tiny fibres, traps air which The backing offers benefits backing carpet market offers a wide range of carpet backing op- ege offers a wide variety of high backing possible for clients to find backing solutions matching demands ege’s carpet backings hold different • Underfoot comfort • Traffic • Low impact Carpet backings from ege can be divided into two backing types: • Latex backings • Textile backings Backing type Use areas method increased footstep high strength and ment of the IP backing is highly suited for in areas A carpeted floor is a great sound absorber and Carpets with AB backing are suited for most living quarters, such The CF300 backing is specially developed for ege’s epoca flatrib high demands on the ability of the carpet to resist high use levels, and the special felt backing makes this carpet suited for places in carpets with CF300 backing are ideal for 350 is an felt backing for carpet tiles, thinner than All carpet tiles from ege can be produced with ege’s patented MOD 750 carpet tile backing, produced in a 100 % textile with WT backing are suited for all living quarters, are imposed on the of the carpet from loads such offers castor chair making the backing highly suited for er comfort is required, the carpet can be installed on Backing type Use areas methods the way new carpet concepts are available within carpet and we have one of carpet solutions – even in very small has developed a wide range of carpet concepts bringing Even standard designs are unique and offered in a The ege design team carpet ege designers are capable of unique designs Advanced gives us total freedom of design and Design without • All the colours of the rainbow • The ability to create unique • Design solutions for spaces of any size In addition to providing good indoor climate all ege tile The MOD 750 and MOD 350 backings from ege Unique carpet solutions by combining tiles in different Figure 7: Carpet tile able to offer design solutions matching different needs and able to offer unique carpet solutions the needs For the contract market, ege has developed a wide range of carpet • Highline Express • Designer • Highline Specials • • epoca • Casa • carpet concepts from ege can be produced in different The carpet solution is 3. SAMPLES: Carpet samples in the exact carpet quality are made and colours and designs are adjusted – 4. APPROVAL: The client approves the design, colours and the final carpet is ready for DELIVERY: The carpet is delivered and ready for RESULT: The carpet is installed and identity, comfort and • • • NONO – no noise runners • Sense • DESIGN more than 253 designs available in 637 colour versions, the GRAPHIC from ege makes it easy to create The presents 27 different designs in 185 colour 1: Quality overview, features and benefits – Highline offers 54 unique designs DESIGN SPOT can be compared to the product tional highline the DESIGN SPOT concept is intended ege’s position as a supplier of textile designer With more than 253 designs available in 637 colour versions, the GRAPHIC from ege makes it easy to create The presents 27 different designs in 185 colour terms of carpet have resulted in unique designer • Erté • Monica contract Designer in 36 designs and 387 colour classic Conran design ethos and a showcase of ege’s unique The consists of 27 design families in 440 colour The 15 designs in the are available in 4 sizes; S, M, L Figure 2: Quality overview, features and benefits – Designer consists of 23 different designs ours but also the size and shape of the rug or carpet tile concept provides the of creating a work of art on the floor – a dynamic ards for the design, size, colour and shape of carpet in 36 designs and 387 colour consists of 27 design families in 440 colour The 15 designs in the are available in 4 sizes; S, M, L ege’s Highline Specials concept makes it easy to create designed carpet solutions and freedom of design – truly bespoke solutions The ege design team is always prepared to assist the client in find- ing the best carpet carpet for and areas exposed to requires a carpet which complies with a set of specific is a unique carpet concept specially developed for Choosing ege you are a flooring solution • High wear Easy • High stain • Bleach test standard of ISO • • A wide range of design options Cut • • 4 days 2,5 Loop • • 4 days 2,5 4: Quality overview, features and benefits – – 3: Quality overview – Highline design, ege’s epoca concept is • epoca classic • epoca pro • epoca compact • epoca globe • epoca accent • epoca chess • epoca epoca carpet for and areas exposed to requires a carpet which complies with a set of specific is a unique carpet concept specially developed for Choosing ege you are a flooring solution • High wear Easy • High stain • Bleach test standard of ISO • • A wide range of design options Cut • • 4 days 2,5 Loop • • 4 days 2,5 4: Quality overview, features and benefits – – design, ege’s epoca concept is • epoca classic • epoca pro • epoca compact • epoca globe • epoca accent • epoca chess • epoca epoca with high quality carpet the carpets perform in of ege’s epoca contains Antron Legacy carpet fibres The hollow filament of the carpet fibre ensures optimal vents dirt from adhering to the carpet, thus providing a long lasting Antron Legacy carpet fibre offers: • Easy cleaning • wear • retention • • Heat and safety Carpet by ege is a concept of 48 x 48 cm modules offering concept offers a wide range of modular stock designs in various patented 100 % textile modular backing material without PVC, • epoca classic modular • epoca profile modular • epoca nordic modular • Barcode Econyl 70 modular • Contra modular • Contra stripe modular • Highline twist modular • Tempo modular • Modular express • Highline modular Carré modular Modular carpet tiles can be produced in a variety of contract way, the carpets provide access to the cables and leads located pet solution more than ege’s regular design a flat woven broadloom carpet aimed at the contract • x 30 15 • • • • 24 hours 3,5 • x 12 5 • • • • 24 hours 4,5 • x 18 8 • • • • 24 hours 3,5 • x 9 5 • • • • 24 hours 3,5 • x 9 5 • • • • 24 hours 3,5 • x 24 8 • • • • 24 hours 3,5 • • 5 5 • 24 hours 24 • • • • 48 hours 3,5 7: Quality overview, features and benefits – Modular modular Carpet by ege is a concept of 48 x 48 cm modules offering concept offers a wide range of modular stock designs in various patented 100 % textile modular backing material without PVC, • epoca classic modular • epoca profile modular • epoca nordic modular • Barcode Econyl 70 modular • Contra modular • Contra stripe modular • Highline twist modular • Tempo modular • Modular express • Highline modular Carré modular Modular carpet tiles can be produced in a variety of contract way, the carpets provide access to the cables and leads located This is a classic from ege, available in 30 colours and epoca classic modular is a of Legacy fibres, highly suited highly suited for heavy traffic Econyl 70 modular offers a unique range of carpet tiles tailored to The concept allows the client to create unique flooring solutions by and street plans, ege has created a unique modular sive designs and is the first within the modular concept ing floor designs are is available in 11 unique designs and 130 colour The Highline twist modular is well suited for all areas, Highline twist modular is available in 24 is a tile aimed at clients who need a carpet more than ege’s regular design first 100 % solution dyed modular product for the contract 6. Product – test Being able to select the right carpet, it is important for the carpet to the various elements with carpet For example, the of the carpet should whether a carpet fulfils the of the each life cycle stage of a carpet it is possible to reduce a carpet maintains its the less need there is Thus, high quality carpets the carpets from ege are certified in with. in size 48 x 48 cm offering modern modular designs in 7 colour of the makes it possible to create flooring On the basis of the EN 1307 test results, the carpet is The European standard for test and of textile EN 1307, is a common European standard rating carpet Carpets from ege applied to ensure carpet and which In order for a carpet product to be EN 1307 the of the are imposed on carpet include total carpet weight, variation of size, fillers in ege carpets prevent flame spread and suppress smoke by When fire testing a carpet, the radiant panel test is often the carpet sample is placed under a radiant carpets, greatly affect the speed of which a fire A1fl Non A2fl Limited Bfl Cfl Dfl Efl without fire test contract carpets are as Cfl-s1 as a carpet yarns is changed or whether the colours of the carpet colour the white cotton pieces when rubbed against the purpose of the wet rubbing test is to the carpets rubbed against the carpets changes colour visibly when affected by the carpet has been dried after testing, any colour change After the test, the change in colour of the To determine the carpet goes through a series of In most European class Cfl-s1 is required before a carpet Carpet and The test equipment consists of a round bench on which the carpet The carpet sample is exposed to 5,000 and 25,000 achieve castor chair approval, the back of the carpet must not from the rest of the carpet and the reten- A carpet reduces a floor’s ability to transport heating, a carpet will have an effect which will The carpet’s effect, and thus its heat will depend on the of the the example; 0.17 m² x C/W, it takes 0.17 m² of carpet to let 1 Watt through the carpet with a of 1° C between the carpet’s top and of the carpet, the larger the carpeted area needs to has shown that most carpet types have a heat transfer Carpets can be used in rooms with floor heating if the heat transfer Most ege carpets are suitable for use with floor heating, except thick wool carpets and carpets with thick foam backing, which carpets do not to the charging of static European Norm EN 1815 is used to determine a carpet’s When is a carpet carpet is if a person walking on it does not get a the charge that in the person walking on the carpet Drum test provides an of the carpet’s ability to retain its The carpet sample for testing is fixed inside a revolving metal drum The carpet sample is subjected to two After testing, the carpet is evaluated against a reference scale and a carpet sample which has not been carpet is given a rating for how well it has resisted the effects